Article

Status and Citizenship

Andrea Jördens

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199571451
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199571451.013.0016

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Status and Citizenship

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This article discusses Roman status and citizenship. Fiscal interests were mainly at stake in the rigid status policy of the Romans, with its division of the population into cives Romani, citizens of a polis, and noncitizens. These thoroughly self-serving intentions, apart from producing all the paperwork that epitomizes Roman Egypt, set in train an overall restructuring of society in Augustan times, where the legal implications gave the local elite a new consciousness of their status. This proved fundamental for all the ensuing developments, as this consciousness was the leavening for a gradual process of municipalization, which came to an interim conclusion with the introduction of town councils in the nome capitals in 200 ce.

Keywords: Roman Egypt; status policy; citizenship; municipalization; local elite

Article.  7301 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of the Near East ; Egyptian Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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