Malcolm Choat

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199571451
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191750540 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology


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  • Archaeology of the Near East
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This article discusses Christianity in Egypt from its origins down to the martyrdoms under Diocletian in the early fourth century. It looks at three key areas: the establishment of the church community and hierarchy in Alexandria, the manifestation of Christianity in the chora, and the Roman government's response to Christianity. The period closes with the development of the monastic tradition, one of Egypt's major contributions to Christianity and to Western culture.

Keywords: Egypt; martyrdoms; Diocletian; church community; Alexandria; chora; Roman government; monastic tradition

Article.  7567 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East ; Egyptian Archaeology

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