Barbara E. Borg

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199571451
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191750540 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology


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  • Archaeology of the Near East
  • Egyptian Archaeology
  • History of Art


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This article considers changes in Egyptian use of portraiture, which occurred around the same time as the establishment of Roman dominion. The most obvious change is a sudden increase in numbers of naturalistic portraits as well as in media, and the use of such portraiture not just by the ruling families and the highest levels of administrative and religious dignitaries but also by local elites. The article discusses imperial portraits, private portraits, and mummy decoration.

Keywords: Roman Egypt; portraiture; naturalistic portraits; imperial portraits; private portraits; mummy decoration

Article.  7465 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East ; Egyptian Archaeology ; History of Art

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