Inequality and Poverty

Peter Saunders

in The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780199579396
Published online September 2010 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

Inequality and Poverty


This article concentrates on the experience of high-income Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. It summarizes the problems linked with estimating the impact of policy on inequality and poverty, while the one which follows describes the measures and data used to establish and compare cross-national impacts. This article then reviews the main findings produced by studies of outcomes and impacts in the areas of inequality and poverty, respectively. It addresses how cross-sectional inequality is influenced by social policies by analyzing vertical inequality and redistribution between rich and poor. Comparing inequality and poverty outcomes across countries with differing policy regimes and varying spending levels provides a basis for understanding observed differences and relating them to policy differences.

Keywords: cross-sectional inequality; poverty; Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development; social policies; vertical inequality; redistribution

Article.  6110 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Public Policy ; Politics and Law

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