Article

Grammaticalization of reference systems

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

in The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199586783
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0051

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 Grammaticalization of reference systems

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  • Linguistics
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This article discusses issues concerning the grammaticalisation of reference systems. It suggests that one of the interesting aspects of the grammaticalisation of reference is that a large variety of functions are coded by the same lexical sources, including deictic markers, existential verbs, and nouns marked for gender. It explains that the wide variety of functions coded in the domain of reference is made possible by combining these lexical sources with linear order, affixation, the use of full nouns, or the absence of any overt coding.

Keywords: reference systems; grammaticalisation; lexical sources; deictic markers; existential verbs; nouns; linear order; affixation

Article.  3259 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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