Religious Fundamentalism

Anson Shupe

in The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199588961
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Religious Fundamentalism

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The term ‘religious fundamentalism’ has come to be applied to regional, national, and even global developments holding both religious and political dimensions. When speaking of causes and movements considered fundamentalist, the conventional wisdom assumes that these are inherently opposed to modern, scientific, and secular values. Fundamentalists themselves are therefore regarded as atavistic protesters in a rapidly evolving, consolidating world. However, the term represents a much more complex phenomenon. This article relates extremist forms of religious orientation directly to globalisation. The ultimate cause of global fundamentalism is the ‘ceiling’ eventually reached by globalisation culture itself, based on its transnational economic and communications interdependence.

Keywords: religious orientation; religious extremist; religious fundamentalism; global fundamentalism; communications interdependence

Article.  4970 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Sociology of Religion

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