Creative Cities

Marjatta Hietala and Peter Clark

in The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780199589531
Published online April 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

Creative Cities


This article examines the concepts and realities of urban creativity. Using evidence from leading modern innovative cities such as Berlin, New York, and Tokyo, as well as from more specialist technology centres such as Bangalore and niche cultural cities like Kingston, Jamaica, and Stockholm, it assesses the conditions for creative success, among them the important role of agglomeration, labour mobility and diversity, education, the interaction of technology and cultural industries, internationality, and public support. It argues that not all these factors are present in the same place, and stresses the role of intercity competition in shaping creative developments, and the significance for leading centres of a reservoir of creative resources (such as reputation, labour force, infrastructure) to fuel a new generations of creative activity.

Keywords: urban creativity; cities; agglomeration; labour mobility; education; technology; internationality; public support

Article.  8413 words. 

Subjects: History ; Social and Cultural History

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