The Ideological Origins of Fascism before 1914

Kevin Passmore

in The Oxford Handbook of Fascism

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199594788
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

 The Ideological Origins of Fascism before 1914

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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Benito Mussolini saw fascism as a novel phenomenon, constructed from existing materials that were transformed in the process, as were the men and women who made the new movement. It emerged from the specific context of world war and social and political upheaval. Nonetheless, Mussolini exaggerates. This article explores different political ideologies that consider fascism as a ‘political religion’; reason and unreason; nationalism; the socialist origins of fascism; and liberalism.

Keywords: Benito Mussolini; fascism; world war; political upheaval; political religion; liberalism

Article.  9294 words. 

Subjects: History ; Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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