Culture and Intellectuals

Guido Bonsaver

in The Oxford Handbook of Fascism

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199594788
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

Culture and Intellectuals

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  • History
  • Social and Cultural History
  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)



The relationship between Italy's intellectuals and fascism is a most controversial issue, which has generated waves of differing views and many forms of polemic. Once the dictatorship and the war were over, Italians had to rebuild their identity and relearn the principles of freedom of speech and tolerant cohabitation of different cultures. This article tackles the central issues related to fascism and culture while trying to add a sense of chronological development over the twenty years of dictatorship. The 1990s witnessed a resurgence of interest in Italy's fascist past, not all of it free from political reverberations. It could be said that, if the early post-war years saw a process of excessive marginalization of the nation's fascist past, in recent times the prominent presence of a former neo-fascist party within the coalition of three Berlusconi governments has caused a momentum towards a more lenient revision of those years.

Keywords: fascism; culture; Fascist Italy; Berlusconi governments; dictatorship

Article.  7907 words. 

Subjects: History ; Social and Cultural History ; Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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