The Peasant Experience under Italian Fascism

Roger Absalom

in The Oxford Handbook of Fascism

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199594788
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

 The Peasant Experience under Italian Fascism

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  • Social and Cultural History


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The fascist regime was the first system of government in modern Italy to attempt to address the ‘peasant question’ in a systematic fashion. It not only brought to bear upon it the administrative machinery of the state but also, through its policies and propaganda, attempted to convert the peasantry from a perennial threat to social stability into a positive bulwark of the political system the fascist regime was seeking to consolidate. This article describes the starting point of this historical account of peasants in 1921; the fascist policies that affected agriculture and the rural population; and the peasant responses to fascism.

Keywords: fascist regime; modern Italy; Italian peasantry; rural population; agriculture

Article.  10860 words. 

Subjects: History ; Social and Cultural History

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