This article aims to provide an outline of the development and basic ideas of critical theory (CT), one of the most prominent philosophical foundations of critical management studies (CMS). CT has perhaps had even more influence on the development of CMS than related theoretical foundations such as labour-process theory, poststructuralism, or critical realism. It has a unique philosophical tradition and distinct paradigmatic characteristics; and, in order to demonstrate how it has been used to study organizations, the article describes these characteristics and shows how they have impacted on CMS.
Keywords: management; critical theory; theoretical foundations; labour-process theory; organization studies; philosophical tradition
Article. 9703 words.
Subjects: Business and Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour ; Research Methods
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