Article

The Eucharist: Real Presence and Real Absence

Alexander R. Pruss

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199596539
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199596539.013.0024

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 The Eucharist: Real Presence and Real Absence

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This article focuses on the question of whether the doctrine of the real presence of Christ's body and blood, and likewise the doctrine of the real absence of bread and wine, can be defended philosophically. It argues for an affirmative answer, and does so by considering a variety of metaphysical models, including that of Aquinas. It will appear, thus, that transubstantiation is a philosophical possibility. If it is possible for two substances to be in the same place at the same time, consubstantiation will be a philosophical possibility as well. Of course, the question of actuality is a theological one.

Keywords: Christ; body; blood; bread; wine; transubstantiation; Aquinas; consubstantiation; philosophical theology

Article.  13789 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion ; Christianity

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