Gender and Economic Inequality

Mary Gregory

in The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199606061
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

Gender and Economic Inequality

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  • Economics
  • Labour and Demographic Economics
  • Public Economics



This article assesses the changing economic status of women, the forces driving it, and its implications for inequality between women and men and among women. Section 2 reviews women's growing labour market participation and its changing occupational structure. Section 3 analyzes the extent and sources of the gender pay gap. Section 4 reviews two of the major drivers of recent economic change for women: the transformation of their educational status, and the impact of technology. Section 5 addresses the implications of women's rising employment and earnings for household inequality and their changing fertility patterns. Section 6 examines the contribution of the legal framework to reducing inequality. Section 7 concludes with pointers to areas for further research.

Keywords: women; economic status; gender inequality; labour market participation; gender pay gap; household inequality; fertility

Article.  11590 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Labour and Demographic Economics ; Public Economics

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