Article

Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality

Gary Burtless

in The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199606061
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199606061.013.0018

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

 Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality

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  • Labour and Demographic Economics
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This article assesses the impact of changing demography on inequality and poverty. Section 2 considers how household living arrangements affect personal economic well-being and its distribution across the population. Section 3 looks at recent evidence on the inequality effects of demographic trends. These trends include the rise of cross-border migration, population ageing, delays in first marriage and first births, increases in the rate of divorce, rising female employment rates, and changes in the correlation of husbands' and wives' earnings. The article concludes with a brief discussion of unresolved issues in assessing the impact of demography on trends in inequality.

Keywords: childbirth; demographic trends; poverty; inequality; household living arrangements; marriage; ageing; migration; divorce; female employment

Article.  8549 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Labour and Demographic Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare

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