Lender of Last Resort and Bank Closure Policy

Xavier Freixas and Bruno M. Parigi

in The Oxford Handbook of Banking

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199640935
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Finance

Lender of Last Resort and Bank Closure Policy

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  • Financial Markets
  • Public Economics



Central banks play an important role as lender of last resort (LOLR) to banks experiencing liquidity problems. This article examines this LOLR function, and its relationship with bank closure policy. It considers the justification of LOLR lending in a simplified framework where only liquidity shocks arise. It then examines contagion in the interbank market. The next section is devoted to the case where liquidity shocks cannot be disentangled from solvency ones. This is followed by a discussion of the issues raised by the implementation and decentralization of the LOLR policy within the safety net.

Keywords: central banks; bank closure policy; bank lending; liquidity shocks; interbank market; lender of last resort policy; contagion

Article.  17947 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Financial Markets ; Public Economics

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