Article

The Concept of Validity and the Process of Validation

Paul R. Sackett, Dan J. Putka and Rodney A. McCloy

in The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Assessment and Selection

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199732579
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199732579.013.0006

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The Concept of Validity and the Process of Validation

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  • Organizational Psychology
  • Research Methods in Psychology

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In this chapter we first set the stage by focusing on the concept of validity, documenting key changes over time in how the term is used and examining the specific ways in which the concept is instantiated in the domain of personnel selection. We then move from conceptual to operational and discuss issues in the use of various strategies to establish what we term the predictive inference, namely, that scores on the predictor measure of interest can be used to draw inferences about an individual's future job behavior or other criterion of interest. Finally, we address a number of specialized issues aimed at illustrating some of the complexities and nuances of validation.

Keywords: validity; validation; predictive inference; criterion-related validity evidence; content-oriented validity evidence; construct-oriented validity evidence; validity generalization

Article.  21215 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Research Methods in Psychology

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