Meta-Analysis as a Validity Summary Tool

George C. Banks and Michael A. McDaniel

in The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Assessment and Selection

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199732579
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Meta-Analysis as a Validity Summary Tool

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  • Psychology
  • Organizational Psychology
  • Research Methods in Psychology


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The chapter discusses the role of meta-analysis in enhancing the understanding of employment test validity. We discuss the state of validity knowledge prior to the introduction of meta-analysis and summarize the gains in knowledge following the introduction of meta-analysis. We review the standards of systematic literature reviews, data typically reported in a meta-analysis of a personnel selection test, and how meta-analytic findings are interpreted. Furthermore, we consider the differences between the meta-analysis of selection tests that evaluate specific constructs and those that assess selection test methods that measure multiple constructs. We discuss issues to consider when evaluating the degree to which meta-analytic reviews of validity data have credibility and how to make decisions regarding the appropriateness of the application of a selection test. Finally, we discuss the need to improve reporting practices in meta-analytic reviews as well as the inconsistencies of the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures with scientific knowledge concerning meta-analysis and validity.

Keywords: validity generalization; meta-analysis; psychometric meta-analysis; validity; criterion-related validity; personnel selection

Article.  13854 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Research Methods in Psychology

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