Article

Cognitive Abilities

Deniz S. Ones, Stephan Dilchert and Chockalingam Viswesvaran

in The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Assessment and Selection

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199732579
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199732579.013.0010

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Cognitive Abilities

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  • Organizational Psychology
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This chapter describes measures of cognitive ability (general mental ability and specific abilities) and examines their usefulness for personnel selection. An overview of definitional and theoretical issues as they apply to use of such measures in personnel decision making is provided first. Then, issues of reliability of measures are discussed, again with particular emphasis on implications for personnel selection (e.g., impact on rank order of candidates when using different measures). Next, validities of cognitive ability tests are summarized for the following criteria: overall job performance, task performance, contextual performance, counterproductive work behaviors, leadership, creativity and innovation, voluntary turnover, job satisfaction, and career success. The authors address the nature of predictor-criterion relationships (e.g., usefulness of general versus specific abilities, criterion dynamicity, assumption of linearity) by discussing both recent large-scale evidence in normal samples and among the highly gifted. Finally, the extent to which cognitive ability is captured in tools other than standardized tests is summarized, enabling an evaluation of other selection assessments as substitutes and/or supplements to standardized cognitive ability tests.

Keywords: cognitive ability; general mental ability; intelligence; g; employee selection; job performance; criterion-related validity; incremental validity

Article.  25514 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Research Methods in Psychology

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