Article

Background Data: Use of Experiential Knowledge in Personnel Selection

Michael D. Mumford, Jamie D. Barrett and Kimberly S. Hester

in The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Assessment and Selection

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199732579
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199732579.013.0016

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Background Data: Use of Experiential Knowledge in Personnel Selection

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  • Organizational Psychology
  • Research Methods in Psychology

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Background data, or biodata, measures are widely applied in personnel selection. In the present effort, it is argued that background data measures reflect the recall of differential experiential, or case-based, knowledge. The techniques for developing and scaling background data measures are described and evidence bearing on the reliability and validity of these measures is discussed. Critical contingencies bearing on the application of these measures in personnel selection are described. Potential directions for future research are examined along with issues bearing on the application of background data measures in personnel selection.

Keywords: background data; biodata; personnel selection; psychometrics

Article.  22576 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Research Methods in Psychology

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