Christine L. Porath

in The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199734610
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology


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  • Psychology
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Despite civility’s natural appeal across societies historically, and recent concern over the lack of it, civility has received little attention in the management literature, and there are relatively few empirical studies. In this chapter, I review empirical findings on civility and incivility. I highlight the benefits of civility and the costs of incivility on individual outcomes, witnesses, teams, organizations, and customers. I discuss the effects of civility and incivility on health, stress, performance, creativity, helpfulness, team effectiveness, and the organization’s bottom line. Then, I highlight practical applications of civility in the workplace. Finally, I close with recommendations for future research.

Keywords: Keywords; :; Civility; incivility; courtesy; compassion; kindness; politeness; sportsmanship; rudeness; deviance; performance; stress

Article.  7014 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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