Socialization Perspectives and Positive Organizational Scholarship

Blake E. Ashforth, Karen K. Myers and David M. Sluss

in The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199734610
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Socialization Perspectives and Positive Organizational Scholarship

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Research on socialization in organizational contexts has followed four relatively independent paths: socialization stage models, socialization tactics, newcomer proactivity, and socialization content (newcomer learning). We argue that these paths are actually intertwined, such that they jointly lead to newcomer adjustment (specifically, role clarity, task mastery, social acceptance, and role crafting). Although socialization research tends to assume that the process is somewhat negative—reducing uncertainty and anxiety—a positive organizational scholarship (POS) lens suggests that newcomers frequently view the process as a positive experience. Indeed, newcomers are apt to feel exhilarated and energized by the novelty and challenges of a new work setting. We examine how the process of socialization may foster not only the “conventional” outcomes of newcomer learning and adjustment, but greater psychological capital and a sense of thriving.

Keywords: Keywords; Socialization; thriving; psychological capital; proactivity; learning; adjustment

Article.  10947 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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