In God We TrustA Comparison of Spiritualities at Work

Lloyd E. Sandelands

in The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199734610
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

In God We TrustA Comparison of Spiritualities at Work

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  • Organizational Psychology
  • Social Psychology



Lacking an idea of “human spirit,” business science cannot account for the trust that makes business possible. This chapter reviews recent writings about spirituality in management to see whether and how they illuminate this still dark territory of business life. The aim of the chapter is not bibliographic, but critical: to compare rival ideas of spirituality so that a choice can be made among them. Distinguishing between and among immanent and transcendent types of spiritualities, the chapter concludes that only those centered upon a transcendent personal God (as for example the God of Abraham identified in the world’s three great religions) are adequate to fulfill our understanding of business life. The chapter concludes by noting that if business science is to produce a true humanism—a humanism adequate for building positive forms of business life—it must be informed by the knowledge of God that comes by religious faith.

Keywords: God; immanence; markets; meaning; organization; science; transcendence; trust

Article.  10884 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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