Knowledge Representation

Arthur B. Markman

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199734689
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Knowledge Representation

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  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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Theories in psychology make implicit or explicit assumptions about the way people store and use information. The choice of a format for knowledge representation is crucial, because it influences what processes are easy or hard for a system to accomplish. In this chapter, I define the concept of a representation. Then, I review three broad types of representations that have been incorporated into many theories. Finally, I examine proposals for the role of body states in representation as well as proposals that the concept of knowledge representation has outlived its usefulness.

Keywords: knowledge representation; features; structured representation; analogy; embodied cognition; dynamical systems; multidimensional scaling

Article.  11302 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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