Article

Development of Thinking in Children

Susan A. Gelman and Brandy N. Frazier

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199734689
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199734689.013.0026

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Development of Thinking in Children

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Children's thinking is of broad relevance to the study of thinking and reasoning, because it provides insight into fundamental issues concerning the building blocks of cognition, the role of experience, and how conceptual change comes about. The present chapter reviews four main aspects of children's thinking: (1) developmental changes, and how best to characterize such changes; (2) early cognitive capacities in infancy and early childhood, and the methodological tools that reveal these capacities; (3) causal reasoning and naive theories in childhood; and (4) the ways in which children are prepared to learn from the actions and testimony of others. The chapter ends with open questions and directions for future research.

Keywords: children; thinking; causal reasoning; naive theories; testimony; development; piaget

Article.  12569 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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