Article

Scientific Thinking and Reasoning

Kevin N. Dunbar and David Klahr

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199734689
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199734689.013.0035

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Scientific Thinking and Reasoning

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Scientific thinking refers to both thinking about the content of science and the set of reasoning processes that permeate the field of science: induction, deduction, experimental design, causal reasoning, concept formation, hypothesis testing, and so on. Here we cover both the history of research on scientific thinking and the different approaches that have been used, highlighting common themes that have emerged over the past 50 years of research. Future research will focus on the collaborative aspects of scientific thinking, on effective methods for teaching science, and on the neural underpinnings of the scientific mind.

Keywords: scientific reasoning; causal reasoning; hypothesis testing; analogical reasoning in science; problem solving; conceptual change; computational modeling; constructivism; science education; cognitive development; educational neuroscience

Article.  13429 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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