Article

Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Fishing, and Fish Production

Geoffrey Kron

in The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199734856
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199734856.013.0009

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Fishing, and Fish Production

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Archaeozoological research provides impressive, long-neglected evidence for the technical sophistication and productivity of Greco-Roman animal husbandry. A case can be made that the classical and Hellenistic Greeks should be credited for many of the critical innovations in animal husbandry, game-farming, and both fishing and fish-farming. The Greeks and Romans also developed sophisticated new techniques to improve the capture, farming, or fattening of a large range of game, wild birds, and fish. The innovations in Greco-Roman animal husbandry can be broken down into four main areas: breeding, nutrition, housing, and health and veterinary care. Moreover, the economic function of ancient hunting as a source of meat and secondary products is covered. The Greeks and Romans put considerable effort into enhancing and even managing their fish stocks. It is noted that shellfish figured prominently in the Greco-Roman diet.

Keywords: Greco-Roman animal husbandry; hunting; game-farming; fish-farming; fishing; shellfish; breeding; nutrition; housing; veterinary care

Article.  18465 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Greek and Roman Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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