Borderline Personality Disorder

Jill M. Hooley, Sadie H. Cole and Stephanie Gironde

in The Oxford Handbook of Personality Disorders

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199735013
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Borderline Personality Disorder

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Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe form of psychopathology that is characterized by instability in emotions, behavior, relationships, and self-concept. Patients with BPD are challenging to treat and are at serious risk of suicide. Although the etiology of BPD is not well understood, genetic factors are implicated, as are adverse experiences in childhood. These factors may interact to create problems with neural circuits that are involved in regulation of affect, behavior, and cognition. In this chapter we describe the clinical aspects of the disorder and review its etiology. We also highlight findings from the empirical literature concerning the neurobiology and psychopathology associated with the disorder.

Keywords: borderline personality disorder; instability; emotional dysregulation; etiology; risk; neurobiology

Article.  21920 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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