Article

Avoidant Personality Disorder, Traits, and Type

Charles A. Sanislow, Katelin da Cruz, May O. Gianoli and Elizabeth Reagan

in The Oxford Handbook of Personality Disorders

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199735013
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199735013.013.0025

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Avoidant Personality Disorder, Traits, and Type

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In this chapter, the evolution of the avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) diagnosis, its current status, and future possibilities are reviewed. AVPD is a chronic and enduring condition involving a poor sense of self and anxiety in social situations, and it is marked by fears of rejection and a distant interpersonal stance. AVPD may be conceptualized at the severe end of a continuum of social anxiety. In the extreme, traits, mechanisms, and symptoms become integral to chronic dysfunction in personality and interpersonal style. While AVPD is a valid diagnostic construct, the optimal organization of AVPD criteria for the diagnosis, and the relationship of avoidant personality traits to anxiety, remain to be determined.

Keywords: avoidant personality disorder; shyness; social phobia; anxiety; DSM; comorbidity

Article.  12249 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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