Article

Mussar Ethics and Other Nineteenth-Century Jewish Ethical Theories

Ira F. Stone

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199736065
Published online January 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199736065.013.0008

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Mussar Ethics and Other Nineteenth-Century Jewish Ethical Theories

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The nineteenth century witnessed the dramatic growth of Jewish thought and activity spurred by the increasing civic and intellectual freedoms that emancipation and the Enlightenment brought to Jews. This chapter traces the challenges that this new modernity posed to Jews and how they responded. It considers scholars such as Moses Mendelssohn, Samuel David Luzzato, Elijah Benamozegh, Nachman Krochmal, Samson Raphael Hirsch, Hermann Cohen, and Israel Lipkin's Mussar Movement. Although they variously retained traditionalism, their responses were all reforms insofar as they each created “what might be called an indigenous Jewish response to modernity.”

Keywords: Jewish thought; modernity; Jews; Moses Mendelssohn; Samuel David Luzzato; Elijah Benamozegh; Nachman Krochmal; Samson Raphael Hirsch; Hermann Cohen; Israel Lipkin

Article.  7150 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Judaism and Jewish Studies ; Religious Studies ; History of Religion

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