Community Interventions

Christina D. Economos and Sarah A. Sliwa

in The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199736362
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Community Interventions

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This chapter determines the relevant theory and frameworks of community interventions, and also summarizes several examples of implementation. It then investigates the avenues for sustainability, and the methodological challenges for evaluation and analysis, concentrating on community interventions as a coordinated set of actions in community settings that involve more than one agency or institution. Community interventions seem better suited for primary and secondary prevention than for targeted treatment. Pathways and Shape Up Somerville in the United States, Be Active Eat Well in Australia, and the Fleurbaix and Lavantie studies in France are among the few known research trials that have applied multiple intervention strategies at multiple levels with the goal of preventing undesirable weight gain in children. Socioecological models and systems theory are just two approaches that can help researchers and practitioners conceptualize interventions.

Keywords: community interventions; Pathways; Shape Up Somerville; Be Active; Eat Well; Fleurbaix; Lavantie; weight gain

Article.  11195 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare

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