Article

Cost- Effectiveness of Anti-Obesity Interventions

Larissa Roux

in The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199736362
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199736362.013.0047

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Cost- Effectiveness of Anti-Obesity Interventions

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This chapter emphasizes key methodologic features of cost–effectiveness analysis (CEA), its potential to inform policy and direct future research, and the current state of the CEA literature in obesity. The comparative performance of alternate interventions is summarized by a cost–effectiveness ratio, which is defined as the additional cost of a specific intervention divided by its additional clinical benefit, compared with a relevant alternative. Although diet, physical activity, behavior modification, and pharmacotherapy are considered first-line treatments for obesity, non-surgical therapy for severe obesity has shown limited success. There are a number of surgical procedures available to treat severe obesity. As data gaps are filled and methodological challenges are addressed by increasingly sophisticated techniques and increasingly diverse research teams, the rigor and scope of CEAs will expand. CEAs will help policy makers prioritize public health decisions in both high- and low-resource settings.

Keywords: cost–effectiveness analysis; policy; obesity; diet; physical activity; behavior modification; pharmacotherapy

Article.  6251 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare

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