Feminist Vocational/Career Theory and Practice

Gail Hackett and Julie D. Kohlhart

in The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Multicultural Counseling Psychology

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744220
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Feminist Vocational/Career Theory and Practice


This chapter reviews the literature on feminist vocational/career theory and practice. In particular, it reviews the theory and research on the major career development theories focused on career choice and critiques their applicability for understanding women’s vocational behavior. Major theories reviewed include Holland’s person-environment theory, Super’s developmental career theory, and social cognitive career theory. Coverage of career development theories that were developed specifically to account for women’s vocational behavior and that influence the dominant theories of today are also included, namely, Gottfredson’s theory of circumscription and compromise, as well as models proposed by Farmer, Astin, Betz & Fitzgerald, and Fassinger. Research on the applicability of the various theories with respect to diverse groups of women is addressed; issues in the extant empirical literature are explored; and limitations of the theories are discussed. The heuristic value of the various theories for guiding career interventions is discussed.

Keywords: Bandura; career counseling; career development; Gottfredson; Holland; P-E fit; social cognitive; Super; vocational behavior; women’s careers

Article.  16882 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology

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