Bureaucracy and Natural Resources Policy

Craig W. Thomas

in The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Environmental Policy

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744671
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:
Bureaucracy and Natural Resources Policy


This article examines the natural resource policies in the United States, the public agencies that have implemented these policies, and the policy subsystems within which they operate. It also considers how agency cultures have changed as new professions and scientific ideas entered the agencies; and new approaches to natural resources management, such as adaptive management and collaborative governance. Policy topics include traditional resource extraction (such as mining, forestry, and water use), recreational and ascetic uses (such as parks and wilderness), and more contemporary issues (such as biodiversity conservation and climate change impacts). Throughout, the article focuses on key directions in theoretical scholarship on natural resource policy and management, while noting potential avenues for future research.

Keywords: environmental policy; public agencies; policy subsystems; agency culture; natural resources management; adaptive management; collaborative governance

Article.  7397 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; US Politics

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