Ecosystem-Based Management and Restoration

Judith A. Layzer

in The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Environmental Policy

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199744671
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:
Ecosystem-Based Management and Restoration


This article begins by recounting the origins of ecosystem-based management (EBM) and describing early efforts to implement an ecosystem-based approach. It details the theoretical benefits of EBM and the criticisms leveled against it, and then summarizes the results of recent assessments, noting the strengths and weaknesses of these analyses. It concludes by articulating several unanswered questions and offering suggestions for further research. Evidence suggests that the theoretical benefits of EBM, although widely touted, do not always materialize in practice. In cases where EBM has been fully implemented, landscape-scale planning has yielded discernible benefits, but the effects of collaboration with stakeholders and flexible, adaptive implementation have been more ambiguous.

Keywords: ecological resilience; EBM; environmental management; ecosystem-based approach

Article.  10964 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; US Politics

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