Article

The Theory of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation

Boris B. Baltes and Cort W. Rudolph

in The Oxford Handbook of Retirement

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199746521
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199746521.013.0044

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The Theory of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation

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This chapter reviews research suggesting that behaviors and active coping strategies that are classifiable under the lifespan development meta-theory of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation (SOC) can lead to more successful outcomes for people in both pre- and post-retirement contexts. First, we introduce SOC and define behaviors that are indicative of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation. Then, we explore how SOC can be mapped onto three key processes often associated with retirement: maintenance of job performance, retirement decision making, and positive retirement adjustment. Finally, directions for future research and a call for more careful attention to the developmental processes that underlie retirement phenomena are levied.

Keywords: selection; optimization; compensation; soc; behavioral coping strategies; delaying retirement; retirement decision making; retirement adjustment

Article.  10264 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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