Protean Career Model and Retirement

Najung Kim and Douglas T. Hall

in The Oxford Handbook of Retirement

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199746521
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Protean Career Model and Retirement

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Psychology
  • Organizational Psychology
  • Social Psychology


Show Summary Details


The classic notion of retirement as the complete withdrawal from the workforce does not adequately describe the current career paths of people who are at the retirement age. Older people are moving away from the traditional career stage model (Super, 1957 ) and to the career mini-cycle model (Hall, 1993, 2002 ). Continuous career development and learning will continue well into the later years. Retiring from a job is likely to be the beginning of another career, so retirement from one job is just another type of career transition. Based on this understanding of the protean career over the life span, the concept of career mini-cycles is particularly applicable for older workers, and we explore the unique characteristics of these mini-cycles in the later years of adulthood.

Keywords: Retirement; protean career; career stages; career mini-cycles; learning; late career; older workers

Article.  10305 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.