A Multilevel Perspective for Retirement Research

Maximiliane E. Szinovacz

in The Oxford Handbook of Retirement

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199746521
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 A Multilevel Perspective for Retirement Research

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  • Psychology
  • Organizational Psychology
  • Research Methods in Psychology


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The aim of this chapter is to show the complexity of retirement processes through a multilevel, contextual approach. First, a conceptual framework for studying retirement as a multilevel phenomenon is presented. The model distinguishes among macro- (e.g., retirement as institution), meso- (organizational retirement policies and cultures), and micro-level (individual retirement) conceptualizations of retirement as well as among macro- (e.g., culture, population structures, labor markets, economy), meso- (e.g., local and regional infrastructures, labor markets, and economies), and micro-level (e.g., families, social networks) structures that impinge on retirement processes. This is followed by a discussion of retirement at each level, its linkages to structural contexts, and the interrelationships among contexts. The chapter concludes with recommendations for future research.

Keywords: multilevel approach; contexts; retirement process; retirement institution; support systems; culture; employers; labor market; family; social networks

Article.  16320 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Research Methods in Psychology

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