Girls, Friends, and Delinquency

Jean Marie McGloin and Stephanie DiPietro

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199747238
Published online December 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Girls, Friends, and Delinquency

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One of the controversial issues in criminology is the notion that females are less likely than males to commit a crime. Although scholars have hotly debated the changing magnitude of the gender gap in recent years, they have not devoted so much attention to whether females exhibit disproportionately lower rates of crime—particularly violent crime—than males. Given the persistence of the gender gap in offending, it is not surprising then that research on criminal behavior has relegated females to an ancillary role. This article explores the relationship between gender and offending as it pertains to the peer group, specifically friends. It argues that deviant peer influence is a strong and important predictor of both male and female offending. It examines this risk for female offenders and explains why certain peers—namely those of the opposite sex—may exert a particularly powerful influence over females.

Keywords: crime; females; males; gender; criminology; criminal behavior; offending; peer influence; peers; female offenders

Article.  9262 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Theories of Crime ; Corporate Crime

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