Article

Crime Places and Place Management

Tamara D. Madensen and John E. Eck

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199747238
Published online December 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199747238.013.0029

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Crime Places and Place Management

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When asked whether they can predict where crime will occur, most police officers say no. However, most police officers can identify a particular neighborhood where one can possibly be mugged. In the first case, the police officers are asked about crime in general and in an unspecified area, for an undefined purpose. In the second case, they are asked about the risk of a specific crime in very small areas, for the purposes of prevention. Specificity is a key factor in crime prevention, and is evident in places which are very specific geographic locations. This article explores why crime levels are extraordinarily high in some places but low or totally absent in most places, and how place management accounts for this disparity. In particular, it reviews empirical studies and associated theory related to crime at places (that is, addresses, buildings, and land parcels) and the management of these locations. It also discusses extensions of routine activity theory, as well as displacement, diffusion of benefits, and neighborhood effects.

Keywords: crime; places; place management; routine activity theory; displacement; diffusion of benefits; neighborhood effects

Article.  10708 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Theories of Crime

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