Article

Peace Interventions Tailored to Phases Within a Cycle of Intergroup Violence

Daniel J. Christie and Winnifred R. Louis

in The Oxford Handbook of Intergroup Conflict

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199747672
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199747672.013.0015

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Peace Interventions Tailored to Phases Within a Cycle of Intergroup Violence

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This chapter discusses intervention strategies for intrastate violence with emphasis on preventing and mitigating cycles of organized violence. We distinguish three phases of a cycle of violence (intergroup conflict, organized violence, and postviolence), discuss characteristics of each phase, and suggest peace intervention strategies that are particularly well suited for each phase. When discussing the limitations of our perspective and future research directions, we point to the narrow focus of research and practice on peace interventions aimed at promoting the absence of organized violence (i.e., negative peace) without concomitant efforts to promote social justice (i.e., positive peace) and sustainable development. We maintain that durable forms of peace require the application of both negative and positive peace interventions.

Keywords: Intervention strategies; cycles of violence; negative peace interventions; positive peace interventions; peace psychology; peacebuilding; social change; group norms; social identity

Article.  13222 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology

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