Article

Religion and Violence from Christian Theological Perspectives

Charles Kimball

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199759996
Published online March 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199759996.013.0030

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Religion and Violence from Christian Theological Perspectives

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This chapter reviews the movement from pacifism to Just War and Crusade. It also tries to demonstrate the ways prominent Catholic and Protestant leaders have harshly used violent measures within their communities, and determines contemporary manifestations of these three approaches among twenty-first-century Christians. The Crusades constitute the third type of response to war and peace among Christians, joining the ongoing Just War and pacifist traditions. The Inquisition within the Catholic Church and the city-state of Geneva under John Calvin's leadership within the emerging Protestant movement are elaborated. These examples show how pervasive the use of violence in the name of religion had become. The Just Peacemaking Paradigm is the alternative to pacifism and Just War theory, an effort that tries to change the focus to initiatives which can help prevent war and foster peace.

Keywords: pacifism; Just War; Crusade; Christians; war; peace; Inquisition; John Calvin; violence; Just Peacemaking Paradigm

Article.  4944 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Philosophy of Religion ; History of Religion

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