Learning from Other Evidence-Based Practices: The Case of Medicine

Eric Barends, Steven Ten Have and Frank Huisman

in The Oxford Handbook of Evidence-Based Management

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199763986
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Learning from Other Evidence-Based Practices: The Case of Medicine

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Evidence-based practice is all around us. Not only has medicine embraced its principles, but so have education, social welfare, criminal justice and, last but not least, management. With only slight exaggeration, Evidence-based practice can be said to be emblematic of the modern professional. This chapter addresses the implications of this trend toward evidence-based practice, by taking a close look at its first introduction, in medicine. Given evidence-based medicine’s almost paradigmatic status, we then will cover the similarities and the differences between the two professional fields. In doing so, we will show that the hindrances that block the further development of evidence-based management today are the same hindrances that blocked the development of evidence-based medicine two decades ago.

Keywords: evidence-based medicine; differences from evidence-based medicine; hierarchy of evidence; evidence-based practice; clinical judgment; systematic review; best available evidence; randomization; causality; PICO; trust in professionals; Cochrane Collaboratio

Article.  13261 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology

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