Systematic Review and Evidence Synthesis as a Practice and Scholarship Tool

Rob B. Briner and David Denyer

in The Oxford Handbook of Evidence-Based Management

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199763986
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Systematic Review and Evidence Synthesis as a Practice and Scholarship Tool

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  • Organizational Psychology



Reviews of existing research evidence have the potential to inform both practice and scholarship. This opportunity is currently not being fully realized in management and organization studies due to the limitations of traditional methods of review, which fail to identify clearly what is known and not known about a given topic. For practitioners, systematic review can help address managerial problems by producing a reliable knowledge base through accumulating findings from a range of studies. For scholars, systematic review can enhance methodological rigor as well as highlight opportunities for further research. Systematic reviews are guided by a set of principles rather than a specific, inflexible, and restricted protocol. By revealing these principles, outlining a systematic review methodology, and offering examples, we hope that this chapter helps both practitioners and scholars to use systematic review to inform their practice.

Keywords: systematic review; systematic-review methodology; critical appraisal; Question formulation traditional; narrative literature review

Article.  12249 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology

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