SES, Childhood Experience, and the Neural Bases of Cognition

Martha J. Farah and Daniel A. Hackman

in The Oxford Handbook of Poverty and Child Development

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199769100
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 SES, Childhood Experience, and the Neural Bases of Cognition

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Understanding how low childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with lower cognitive and educational outcomes has the potential to reduce the intergenerational transmission of poverty, to level the societal playing field, and to enhance the world's human capital. This chapter provides a review of the literature on neurocognitive development and poverty, shedding light on the potential influences and causal relationships. We discuss our research, which offers a neuropsychological profile of children in poverty, and we conclude with a discussion of areas where more research is needed.

Keywords: poverty; neuroscience; brain development; SES; child development; cognitive development

Article.  8104 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Developmental Psychology

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