Article

Neighborhood Effects on Children's Achievement: A Review of Recent Research

Narayan Sastry

in The Oxford Handbook of Poverty and Child Development

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199769100
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199769100.013.0024

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Neighborhood Effects on Children's Achievement: A Review of Recent Research

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  • Developmental Psychology
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This chapter describes studies published in the last 10 years that have examined the effects of neighborhood characteristics on children's academic achievement in the United States. There have been a considerable number of published studies and substantial advances in our understanding of this topic. Overall, there seem to be small but clear negative effects for children of growing up in a poor neighborhood that are beyond the effects of growing up in a poor family. This conclusion is based on a variety of different national and local studies that use a range of data sources and statistical approaches. However, knowledge of the specific pathways through which neighborhood factors operate to affect children's achievement is only beginning to emerge.

Keywords: academic achievement; children's cognitive skills; mathematics and reading assessments; neighborhood effects; residential mobility; family characteristics; school effects

Article.  16270 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology

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