Article

Toward a Synthesis of Cognitive-Psychological, Medical/Neurobiological, and Educational Models for the Diagnosis and Management of Dyslexia

Nancy Mather, Bennett A. Shaywitz and Sally E. Shaywitz

in The Oxford Handbook of Child Psychological Assessment

Published in print April 2013 | ISBN: 9780199796304
Published online May 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199796304.013.0030

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Toward a Synthesis of Cognitive-Psychological, Medical/Neurobiological, and Educational Models for the Diagnosis and Management of Dyslexia

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The most common and best understood specific learning disability is dyslexia, or specific reading disability, a disorder that affects the development of word-level reading, reading rate, spelling, and certain aspects of oral language, particularly phonological awareness and word retrieval, but with verbal reasoning and listening comprehension intact. Both the assessment and the treatment of dyslexia have interested researchers for over a century, not only in education, but also in the fields of psychology and neurology. This chapter reviews this disorder from three varying theoretical, scientific, and practical perspectives or models: cognitive-psychological, which emphasizes exploration of a learner's strengths and weaknesses in an attempt to understand the reasons for the reading failure; medical/neurobiological, which addresses the etiology, basis and mechanisms, explaining and predicting the symptoms; and educational, which is driven by legal mandates, as well as services provided by school systems. Each model offers insights into and contributes to the fullest understanding of the nature of this disability, as well as the conceptual and methodological frameworks that can contribute to the formulation of a diagnosis.

Keywords: dyslexia; specific reading disability; response-to-intervention; ability–achievement discrepancies; intra-individual variations; neural organization in reading and dyslexia; learning disability

Article.  17002 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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