Article

Crete

Peter Tomkins and Ilse Schoep

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199873609.013.0005

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Crete

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This article states that traditionally, the story of the Early Bronze Age of Crete has been one constructed between two pivotal points of change. The first, at the Neolithic period—Early Minoan I transition, is viewed as the birth of a culture considered to be definably Minoan, fostered by a major impulse from the east, conventionally modeled as a migration. The second, at the transition to the Middle Bronze Age (MM IB), is seen as the emergence of Europe's first civilization—a redistributive theocracy of kings or princes, cities and palaces, art and writing—which in subsequent millennia spread to the rest of Europe. In the later language of neoevolutionism, the emergence of the palaces in MM IB marked the transition from an egalitarian to a more complex, statelike society with a clear hierarchical structure crowned by a central, administrative elite authority that resided in the palaces.

Keywords: Early Bronze Age; Crete; Neolithic period; Early Minoan; migration; Middle Bronze Age; Europe; civilization; neoevolutionism

Article.  8101 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Greek History ; Greek and Roman Archaeology

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