Mainland Greece

Kim Shelton

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Mainland Greece

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  • Classical Studies
  • Ancient Greek History
  • Greek and Roman Archaeology


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Mycenaean civilization developed, grew to great heights, and collapsed, all during the Late Bronze Age. Rooted in Greece, where the period is called the Late Helladic (LH) period, the beginning, internal divisions, and end of this historical framework are based almost entirely on pottery styles. These ceramic phases do not necessarily correspond to historical periods, however, so there is occasionally a preference for chronological divisions centered on the life cycle of the palace—a defining cultural and architectural feature—following more closely the economic and political character of the society. The pottery sequence, though, allows for more narrowly refined periods that also take advantage of the most prevalent material artifact and one that is subject to relatively rapid style change and wide distribution.

Keywords: Mycenaean civilization; Late Bronze Age; Greece; Late Helladic period; pottery; palace

Article.  4127 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Greek History ; Greek and Roman Archaeology

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