Article

Crete

Erik Hallager

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199873609.013.0011

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Crete

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This article discusses the history of Late Minoan Crete as a period of many changes. It finds the flourishing time of the Minoan palaces with the first real urban society on European soil. This palatial society was destroyed by conflagrations all over the island. Of the palaces, it seems that only Knossos survived. Toward the end of the Bronze Age, almost all coastal towns and settlements were abandoned, and people either moved to the mountains or emigrated. Three different systems describe the relative chronology of the Late Minoan period: the traditional chronology, based on stratigraphy and typology of pottery; a chronology based on palatial periods; and a chronology based on administrative issues. The only one of the three where there is a reasonable agreement among scholars today is the first the traditional, relative chronology based on pottery.

Keywords: Late Minoan; Crete; palaces; urban society; Knossos; chronology; stratigraphy; pottery

Article.  4145 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Greek History ; Greek and Roman Archaeology

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