Weapons and Warfare

Ioannis Georganas

in The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199873609
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Weapons and Warfare

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  • Classical Studies
  • Greek and Roman Archaeology
  • Historical Archaeology


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Since the dawn of human history, conflict and warfare have been an integral part of life. The earliest concrete evidence for warfare in the Aegean comes from the Early Bronze Age, as the large number of daggers on Crete indicates. However, it is with the rise of the Mycenae that a warlike ethos becomes more prominent, as is evident by the numerous and spectacular weapons retrieved from the Shaft Graves at Mycenae, as well as the numerous representations of warriors and combat scenes. The Aegean Bronze Age has always been perceived as a time when warrior-heroes roamed the land and engaged in military campaigns in Greece, the Aegean, and beyond. This article provides a concise history of weapons and warfare in the Aegean during the Bronze Age. Aspects to be covered are offensive equipment, defensive equipment, and chariotry.

Keywords: warfare; Crete; Mycenae; Shaft Graves; Bronze Age; Greece; weapons; offensive equipment; defensive equipment; chariotry

Article.  3821 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Greek and Roman Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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